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Abdominal Wall Reconstruction

Table of Contents

Introduction

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Epidemiology

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Etiology & Pathophysiology

  • Prior surgery 
  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Tumor resection

Structure & Function

Embryology

Anatomy

Physiology

Major functions of the abdominal wall:

  • Protects and compartmentalizes abdominal viscera
  • Increases intra-abdominal pressure
    • Assists with ventilation by applying pressure on the diaphragm 
    • Assists with venous blood return to the heart 
    • Assists with emesis
    • Assists with defecation 
  • Stabilizes spinal column
  • Facilitates trunk movement

Classification

Presentation

History

Physical Exam

Evaluation

Treatment

Principles of Treatment

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  4. Dead space obliteration 
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Non-Surgical

Surgical