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Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Fusion of all fingers with a single nail 

Absence of both glandular breast tissue and nipple 

Absence of glandular breast tissue 

Absence of the nipple 

Vertical separation of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth, frequently described as anterior open bite

*Almost pathognomic for lefort fracture or treacher collins 

Impact posterior maxilla to correct 

Towards the root tip 

B

Kills bacteria

Inhibits growth of bacteria (kept in a stationary phase of growth) 

Thin crepy skin caused by recurrent edema that is refractory to anti-histamines and steroids 

Towards the cheek 

Teeth grinding 

C

The relation of opposing occlusal surfaces that provides the maximum planned contact or intercuspation. 

The relationship of the mandible to the maxilla when the condyles are in their most posterosuperior unstrained positions in the glenoid fossa. 

D

The tendency of teeth to tilt in a direction that minimizes the dental malocclusion 

Excess eyelid skin 

Away from the dental midline 

Benign fibroproliferative disorder that occurs in the fascia of the palm and digits, resulting in nodules, cords, and contractures of the fingers.  

E

A vertical fold of skin from the lower eyelid up each side of the nose 

Eye tearing due to nasolacrimal outflow tract obstruction

Complete excision or surgical destruction of a body part

F

A unit of tissue that maintains its own blood supply while being transferred from a donor site to a recipient site. 

Horizontal line between the inferior margin of the orbital rim and the superior margin of the external acoustic meatus (joining the porion and orbitale)

G

Abbreviation for drip (i.e for an IV medication)

H

  • Reflects the analysis of time survived to an event (i.e. cure, recurrence, death, etc.) 
  • Measures the ratio of the hazard (i.e. event occurring) in the treatment group to the control group 

Missing permanent teeth (tooth agenesis) 

I

The number of new cases in the disease-free population that develop over a period of time (i.e. per a given year) 

Towards the biting surface (anterior dentition) 

J

K

L

Towards the lips 

Towards the tongue 

M

Toward the dental midline 

Excising a rim of mandible but with maintenance of the mandibular arch.

N

Abnormal appearance of cell nuclei (usually pleomorphic) 

O

Degree to which the upper incisors extend beyond the lower incisors labially. Normal overjet is 2 mm. 

The amount maxillary incisal edges vertically overlap the mandibular incisor edges with the mouth closed. Normal incisal overlap is 2 mm. 

P

Towards the palate 

Exaggerated skin injury to minor trauma 

Describes variability in the size, shape and staining of cells and their nuclei. Typically a feature of malignant or dysplastic cells. 

To grasp 

The number of existing cases in the population at a specific moment in time (i.e. a snapshot). 

Anterior angulation of the anterior teeth

A forward position of the mandible in relation to the cranial base. 

Normal lid position, but ptotic appearance due to brow position and excess skin 

Q

R

State of rest 

Posterior angulation of the anterior teeth. 

The condition of a mandible that is posteriorly positioned in relation to the cranial base. 

S

Resection of a full-thickness segment of bone resulting in discontinuity defect  

Skin grafting is the transfer of autologous skin cells left in anatomic order, but without an intact blood supply (which differentiates it from a flap)

Fat protrusion due to septal attenuation 

Localized osteopenia secondary to the implant protecting the bone from normal loading 

If an external power source is used to boost an engine’s performance, this is supercharging (e.g., the use of an unrelated distant vascular source by means of an anastomosis to a flap to augment either inflow or outflow).  

Ex: The superior unipedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap salvaged by an anastomosis of a thoracic or upper extremity vascular source to the contralateral deep or superficial inferior epigastric vessels . 

Partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball 

Joined fingers. Simple syndactyly = Fingers are joined by soft tissue only. Complex syndactyly = Fingers are joined by a bony union. 

T

Increased distance between the medial canthi of the eyes, while the inter-pupillary distance is normal. 

Increase in flexor tone with passive wrist extension 

With cars, turbocharging relies on the engine’s own exhaust for additional power. Thus, if the terminus or a branch of the major pedicle to a flap were joined to another minor pedicle, flow to the flap (the engine) could be siphoned away (the exhaust) to augment an 

ischemic portion. 

Ex: directly connecting the ipsilateral and contralateral deep inferior epigastric vessels of a TRAM flap, after first ensuring adequate retrograde pressures, specifically to improve transmidline blood flow of a superior unipedicled TRAM flap 

U

V

Soft palate


Cleft Palate

W

X

Y

Z