Fusion of all fingers with a single nail
Absence of both glandular breast tissue and nipple
Absence of glandular breast tissue
Absence of the nipple
Vertical separation of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth, frequently described as anterior open bite.
*Almost pathognomic for lefort fracture or treacher collins
Impact posterior maxilla to correct
Towards the root tip
The tendency of teeth to tilt in a direction that minimizes the dental malocclusion
Excess eyelid skin
Away from the dental midline
Benign fibroproliferative disorder that occurs in the fascia of the palm and digits, resulting in nodules, cords, and contractures of the fingers.
A unit of tissue that maintains its own blood supply while being transferred from a donor site to a recipient site.
Horizontal line between the inferior margin of the orbital rim and the superior margin of the external acoustic meatus (joining the porion and orbitale)
Towards the palate
Exaggerated skin injury to minor trauma
Describes variability in the size, shape and staining of cells and their nuclei. Typically a feature of malignant or dysplastic cells.
The number of existing cases in the population at a specific moment in time (i.e. a snapshot).
Anterior angulation of the anterior teeth
A forward position of the mandible in relation to the cranial base.
Normal lid position, but ptotic appearance due to brow position and excess skin
Resection of a full-thickness segment of bone resulting in discontinuity defect
Skin grafting is the transfer of autologous skin cells left in anatomic order, but without an intact blood supply (which differentiates it from a flap)
Fat protrusion due to septal attenuation
Localized osteopenia secondary to the implant protecting the bone from normal loading
If an external power source is used to boost an engine’s performance, this is supercharging (e.g., the use of an unrelated distant vascular source by means of an anastomosis to a flap to augment either inflow or outflow).
Ex: The superior unipedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap salvaged by an anastomosis of a thoracic or upper extremity vascular source to the contralateral deep or superficial inferior epigastric vessels .
Partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball
Joined fingers. Simple syndactyly = Fingers are joined by soft tissue only. Complex syndactyly = Fingers are joined by a bony union.
Increased distance between the medial canthi of the eyes, while the inter-pupillary distance is normal.
Increase in flexor tone with passive wrist extension
With cars, turbocharging relies on the engine’s own exhaust for additional power. Thus, if the terminus or a branch of the major pedicle to a flap were joined to another minor pedicle, flow to the flap (the engine) could be siphoned away (the exhaust) to augment an
Ex: directly connecting the ipsilateral and contralateral deep inferior epigastric vessels of a TRAM flap, after first ensuring adequate retrograde pressures, specifically to improve transmidline blood flow of a superior unipedicled TRAM flap